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Rietberg, P.I., J. de Wit and N.J.M. van Eekeren. 2015. Performance of red clover mixtures in high output dairy systems: an agro-economical comparison. p. 478-480. In: EGF 2015. Wageningen, The Netherlands. 15-17 June 2015.

Number of pages: 3

Type of document: Conference Paper

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More information on authors/freelancers connected to LBI :
Nick J.M. van Eekeren Ph.D.;
Jan de Wit MSc.


Language of document: English

Title in English: Performance of red clover mixtures in high output dairy systems: an agro-economical comparison

Abstract / summary in English:

Inclusion of red clover (Trifolium pratense) in grasslands offers important economic and environmental advantages as nitrogen (N) fertilizer is replaced with N from N2 fixation. These advantages seemed to be reduced under high fertilization rates. In a field experiment we compared perennial ryegrass swards (Lolium perenne) with grass-clover mixtures in which the artificial N fertilizer was omitted. The experiment was conducted at two locations (sandy and clay soil) at high fertilization levels (254 and 306 kg total-N ha‑1 on grass-clover and 389 and 489 kg total-N ha‑1 on the pure grass swards). Grassclover mixtures produced more dry matter (+18%), digestible energy (+12%), crude protein (+45%) and digestible protein (+27%). Economic evaluation at farm level shows that grass-clover mixtures had a surplus of €510 ha‑1 year‑1 over pure grass swards. This surplus would be reduced (to €282 ha‑1) if the higher crude protein content of grass-clover cannot be balanced in the feed ration, resulting in extra N excretion of the animals and subsequent higher costs for manure disposal if maximum allowable manure application rates per ha are exceeded. These results show that inclusion of red clover in grasslands has agro-economic benefits, also under high fertilization rates.


Keywords in English: Trifolium pratense, ecological intensification, protein production, economic advantages
Performance of red clover mixtures in high output dairy systems: an agro-economical comparison