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Bos, M.M. and S.G. Sporn. 2013. Biodiversity conservation in cacao agroforestry systems. p. 61-76. In Simonetti J.A. et al. (ed.) Biodiversity conservation in agroforestry landscapes: challenges and opportunities. Editorial Universitaria, Santiago.

Number of pages: 16

ISBN/ISSN: 9561123843

Type of document: Book section


Language of document: English

Title in English: Biodiversity conservation in cacao agroforestry systems

Abstract / summary in English:

The cacao tree (Theobroma cacao) is famous for its beans from which cocoa powder and butter are produced. Because cacao plantations can resemble forests in terms of tree cover, such cacao agroforestry systems have gained interest as tool in tropical biodiversity conservation. Because of the heterogeneous and forest-like systems in which cacao can be grown, these agroecosystems are recognized by conservation biologists as important element in biodiversity conservation. Since the 1990s, conservation biologists have assessed the potential role of the different types of cacao agroforests for the conservation of tropical biodiversity in general and for native biodiversity in particular.
This bookchapter considers the impact of cocoa management on, and interaction with trees, herbs, epiphytes, mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, insects and soil fauna.


Keywords in English: cocoa, biodiversity, agroforestry
 

Second language of document: Dutch
Status Dutch: Only bibliografic information

Titel in Nederlands: Behoud van biodiversiteit in cacao-agroforestry systemen

Abstract / samenvatting in Nederlands:

De cacaoboom (Theobroma cacao) is beroemd om zijn bonen waarvan cacaopoeder en cacaoboter worden geproduceerd. Omdat cacaoplantages qua boombedekking kunnen lijken op bossen is er steeds meer interesse in het verbouwen van cacao in agroforestry-systemen, om zo de tropische biodiversiteit te behouden. Door de heterogene en bos-achtige systemen waarin cacao geteeld kan worden, worden deze agro-ecosystemen erkend door biologen als belangrijk element in het behoud van biodiversiteit. Sinds de jaren 90 hebben biologen de potentiële rol van de verschillende soorten cacao-agroforestry-systemen onderzocht met oog op het behoud van de tropische biodiversiteit in het algemeen en van de inheemse biodiversiteit in het bijzonder. Dit hoofdstuk beschouwt de invloed van cacaomanagement op, en de interactie met, bomen, kruiden, epifyten, zoogdieren, vogels, amfibieën, reptielen, insecten en bodemfauna.


Trefwoorden in Nederlands: cacao, biodiversiteit, agroforestry, boslandbouw, boslandbouwsystemen
Biodiversity conservation in cacao agroforestry systems